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The central nervous system – including the brain and spinal cord – is the communications system of your body. It sends signals that tell the body what to do and how to respond to information.

MS causes the body’s immune system to attack itself, which damages these connective signals.

Everyone experiences MS differently

There are over 33,335 people living with MS in Australia. While it’s one of the most common conditions of the central nervous system, everyone’s experience of MS is unique.

MS can present and progress differently from person to person. But you don’t have to navigate it alone – we’re here to help you every step of the way.

We're here to support you

Every day, we support thousands of Australians with vital support and services, while fundraising for MS research . If you’ve been diagnosed with MS, you’re not alone. MS Plus is here to ensure you feel empowered to manage your condition and achieve your goals.

Types of MS

Types of MS

There are different types of MS, including:

  • relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS)
  • primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS)
  • secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS).

There is also a condition called clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) that is linked to MS.

Causes of MS

What causes MS?

Research continues to discover the causes of MS, however there are a few factors that are likely to play a role.
These could include:

  • genetics
  • a viral infection
  • smoking
  • vitamin D levels
  • geographical location.
Common symptoms

Symptoms of MS

Symptoms in people living with MS vary from person to person. However, some common symptoms of MS include:

  • fatigue
  • pain
  • bladder and bowel issues
  • muscle spasms
  • vision problems
  • balance and coordination problems
  • brain fog.
Newly diagnosed

Newly diagnosed

If you’ve recently received a multiple sclerosis diagnosis, it’s normal to feel scared and confused. But we want you to know that MS doesn’t necessarily lead to significant disability. You can live well with MS. And we’re here to help you do that.

Find out more about:

  • the early signs of MS
  • how MS is diagnosed
  • what you need to know if you're diagnosed with MS.
Treatment for MS

Treatments for MS

Research to cure MS is ongoing. There’s currently no single treatment for MS, however there are a range of medications and strategies that can improve long term outcomes. In this section you can learn about:

  • Medications to slow down the progression of MS
  • Managing a relapse
  • Treatments for specific symptoms
  • MS treatments in development
plastic model of human brain


Every day, research brings us closer to finding new ways to prevent, treat and cure MS. Learn more about the research initiatives we support. On this page you can learn more about:

  • MS Australia's main research streams
  • research news and publications
  • upcoming research webinars.
Finding a cure for MS

Finding cures for MS

At MS Plus, we’re driven by a belief in future cures. Thanks to the support of thousands of Australians who fundraise, volunteer and donate, we also fund MS Australia’s critical research. On this page you can learn more about:

  • our commitment to finding cures
  • your impact
  • insight into MS Australia's research.
Personal stories

Personal stories – live well with MS

Thousands of Australians are affected by multiple sclerosis (MS). On this page you can learn about people’s firsthand experiences and stories, and how they are able to live well with MS.

Advanced ms

Advanced MS

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a complex neurological condition that can cause disability. For many people, they will continue to live well with MS. However, for some, they may have advanced MS.

Support and services

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